GOOGLE SEO: 2 Good Ways to Remove Duplicate Content, and 8 Bad Ones

Duplicate content is two or more pages containing the same or very similar text. Duplicate content splits link authority and thus diminishes a page’s ability to rank in organic search results.

Say a website has two identical pages, each with 10 external, inbound links. That site could have harnessed the strength of 20 links to boost the ranking of a single page. Instead, the site has two pages with 10 links. Neither would rank as highly.

Duplicate content also hurts crawl budget and otherwise bloats search engines’ indexes.

Ecommerce sites create duplicate content. It’s a byproduct of platform settings and technology decisions. What follows are two good ways to remove duplicate content from search-engine indexes — and eight to avoid.

Remove Indexed Duplicate Content
To correct indexed, duplicate content, (i) consolidate link authority into a single page and (ii) prompt the search engines to remove the duplicate page from their index. There are two good ways to do this.

301 redirects are the best option. 301 redirects consolidate link authority, prompt de-indexation, and also redirect the user to the new page. Google has stated that it assigns 100 percent of the link authority to the new page with a 301 redirect. But Bing and other search engines are tighter lipped. Regardless, use 301 redirects only when the page has been permanently removed.
Canonical tags. “Canonical” is a fancy word for something that is recognized as the one truth. In search engine optimization, canonical tags identify which page should be indexed and assigned link authority. The tags are suggestions to search engines — not commands like 301 redirects. Search engines typically respect canonical tags for truly duplicate content.
Canonical tags are the next best option when (i) 301 redirects are impractical or (ii) the duplicate page needs to remain accessible — for example, if you have two product grid pages, one sorted high-to-low, and the other low-to-high, you wouldn’t want to redirect one to the other.

8 Methods to Avoid
Some options that remove — or claim to remove — duplicate content from search indexes are not advisable, in my experience.

302 redirects signal a temporary move rather than permanent. Google has said for years that 302 redirects pass 100 percent of the link authority. However, 302s do not prompt de-indexation. Since they take the same amount of effort to implement as 301s, 302 redirects should only be used when the redirect is truly temporary and will someday be removed.
JavaScript redirects are regarded by Google as valid — after several days or weeks have passed for the rendering to process to complete. But there’s little reason to use JavaScript redirects unless you lack server access for 301s.
Meta refreshes are visible to shoppers as a brief blip or multisecond page load on their screen before the browser loads a new page. They are a poor choice due to the obnoxious user experience and the rendering time Google needs to process them as redirects.
404 errors reveal that the requested file isn’t on the server, prompting search engines to deindex that page. But 404s also remove the page’s associated link authority. Try to 301 redirect a deleted page when you can.
Soft 404 errors occur when the server 302 redirects a bad URL to what looks like an error page, which then returns a 200 OK server header response. For example, say has been removed and should return a 404 error. Instead, it 302 redirects to a page that looks like an error page (such as, but returns a 200 OK response.
The 302 response inadvertently tells search engines that is gone but might be coming back, so the page should remain indexed. Moreover, the 200 response tells search engines that is a valid page for indexing. Soft 404s thus bloat the index even further by resulting in not just one bad URL being indexed, but two.

Search engine tools. Google and Bing provide tools to remove a URL. However, since both require that the submitted URL returns a valid 404 error, the tools are a backup step after removing the page from your server.
Meta robots noindex tag is in the head of the HTML file. The noindex attribute tells bots not to index the page. When applied after a page has been indexed, it may eventually result in de-indexation, but that could take months. Unfortunately, link authority dies with the engines’ ability to index the page. And since search engines must continue to crawl a page to verify that the noindex attribute is still in place, this option doesn’t reduce dead-weight pages from the index. (Note, incidentally, that the nofollow attribute of the meta robots tag has no impact on that page’s indexation.)
Robots.txt disallow does not prompt de-indexation. Pages that are disallowed after they have been indexed are no longer crawled by search engine bots, but they may or may not remain indexed. It’s unlikely that these pages will show up in search results unless searched for by URL, however, because the search engines will no longer crawl the page.
While they’re not ideal for removing indexed content, meta robots noindex and robots.txt disallow should both prevent new duplicate content from being indexed. Their application, however, requires that duplicate content be identified before the launch of a new site, and they are not 100-percent effective.

Your Best Bet
If you need a sure method of de-indexation, a 301 redirect or 404 error is your best bet because the server no longer loads the content that had been found on that page. If you need to de-index the page and harness the link authority, use a 301 redirect.

Breaking News: angry youths burnt 3 suspected kidnapper to death in Abuja.

Angry Mob Monday morning burnt to death three suspected kidnappers at Dutse Alhaji area in Abuja, the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports.

The suspects were three young men and a female victim, who has been rushed to Kubwa General Hospital for treatment.

At the scene of the incident, a Vehicle Inspection Office (VIO) officer, Mr Aminu Umar, told NAN that the incident happened at about 8:00a.m. when a lady inside moving vehicle was heard screaming for help.

“The lady was suddenly pushed out of the vehicle while screaming. A motorist, who saw what had happened, pulled over in front of the vehicle and blocked it under the Dutse Bridge.
“From there, Okada riders (motorcyclists) surrounded the vehicle and told them to come out.

“They asked them if the vehicle was one chance (kidnappers) and the next thing, they started beating them and eventually put fire on them and the vehicle,” he said.

Mr Sylvanus Ekpenyong, Route Commander, Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) said that his men were alerted of the event by some people while on duty at Dutse.

“We were at Dutse junction and we got information that there was traffic building up before the Dutse Bridge because a vehicle was on fire.
“We rushed down there to clear the road only to see three dead burnt bodies and a burnt vehicle.

“When we made inquiries from eye witnesses, they said it was one chance (kidnappers).

“So we are here to ensure free traffic flow of vehicles but we don’t know the exact group of people who burnt them,” he said.

Details soon.

UTME UPDATE: 2019/2020 over 100,000 candidate got admitted by versity _ jamb says.

The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board says over 100,000 candidates who met admission requirements have so far been offered placements into Nigerian universities for the 2019/2020 academic session.

Dr Fabian Benjamin, Spokesman for JAMB, told the News Agency of Nigeria on Sunday in Lagos that the board hoped to utilise 80 to 90 per cent of the available spaces for this year’s admission.

Benjamin stated that the board’s projection for this year’s admission was to ensure that candidates utilised more available spaces unlike in 2018 where about 40 per cent of spaces were not utilised.

Breaking News: Pastor Bakare reveals how Osinbajo’s troubles will end

The general overseer of the Latter Rain Assembly, Tunde Bakare, has said that Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo will have the last laugh over his present travails in the presidency.

He said Osinbajo will overcome his current travails.
The VP recently denied claims made by a former APC official, Timi Frank that the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) provided N90billion as campaign funds for Mr Osinbajo during the 2019 elections.

Bakare backed the Vice President, saying he found the allegation difficult to believe.

“Vice President Osinbajo will have the last laugh. You think I am stupid? Except he has violated his oath…,” he added.
Bakare also said that a trending video of him saying he will become Nigeria’s next President was merely an expression of his aspiration.


Folloeing the earlier reports, Senator Dino Melaye has denied gifting controversial Ex-BBNaija housemate, Tacha Akide the sum of 30 million naira.
A Twitter account under the guise of the PDP member had shared a tweet which reads:“My wife cried last night when Tacha was disqualified, to make her better, I will be giving her N30,000,000 to support @symply_Tacha, everyone deserves love, even in their weakest moments, keep the energy going”

However, the senator has claimed the social media account is a fake account.

Information Nigeria recalls sex therapist, Jaruma declared that she would give the Instagram queen the sum of fifty million Naira and Bobrisky promised to give her a million naira.

See photo below:

Social Media Updates: Facebook, WhatsApp Will Have to Share Messages With U.K.

Facebook, WhatsApp

Social media platforms based in the U.S. including Facebook and WhatsApp will be forced to share users’ encrypted messages with British police under a new treaty between the two countries, according to a person familiar with the matter.

The accord, which is set to be signed by next month, will compel social media firms to share information to support investigations into individuals suspected of serious criminal offenses including terrorism and pedophilia, the person said.

Priti Patel, the U.K.’s home secretary, has previously warned that Facebook’s plan to enable users to send end-to-end encrypted messages would benefit criminals, and called on social media firms to develop “back doors” to give intelligence agencies access to their messaging platforms.

“We oppose government attempts to build backdoors because they would undermine the privacy and security of our users everywhere,” Facebook said in a statement. “Government policies like the Cloud Act allow for companies to provide available information when we receive valid legal requests and do not require companies to build back doors.”

The U.K. and the U.S. have agreed not to investigate each other’s citizens as part of the deal, while the U.S. won’t be able to use information obtained from British firms in any cases carrying the death penalty.

Unbelievable As Senator Dino melaye, Jeruma empire offer Tacha 80million Naira.

Internet was agog yesterday the most controversial housemate of the Big Brother Naija season 4 housemates, Tacha was disqualified for physical violence during a fight with fellow housemate, Mercy.

This move has gotten so many reactions from different celebrities all over Nigeria.
The latest being that of self acclaimed sex therapist, Jaruma, who just like Dabota Lawson, also promised to gift Tacha, N50 Million. She also begged Nigerians to allow her to heal.

She wrote: “… Sweetheart @symply_tacha come home ❤️ U will use this N50,000,000 million naira to EXPAND ur @everythingtacha brand ❤️
Dear friends, I did not forsake Tacha & I will NEVER abandon her! I only took my time to analyze the whole situation & the fact is that she has no one else but us
Always remember that @symply_tacha Mother is Late so please, please, I beg you to allow her to heal & allow her to lick her wounds ? “ this was a statement by Jaruma.
On same note, senator of the federal republic of Nigeria, senator Dino Melaye has offered her N30 million because his wife cried after her disqualification.

Just in:Turkish scientist gets 15-month sentence for publishing environmental study

A Turkish food engineer and human rights activist was sentenced yesterday to 15 months in jail after publishing the results of a study he and other scientists had done that linked toxic pollution to a high incidence of cancer in western Turkey.

Bülent Şık, former deputy director of the Food Safety and Agricultural Research Center at Akdeniz University, was convicted of disclosing classified information after he published the results as a four-part series in a Turkish newspaper in April 2018. “Bülent Şık fulfilled his duty as a citizen and a scientist and he used his right to freedom of expression,” his lawyer, Can Atalay, said in his closing statement before the sentence was handed down by a court in Istanbul.

The study was commissioned by Turkey’s Ministry of Health to see whether there was a connection between toxicity in soil, water, and food and the high incidence of cancer in western Turkey. Working for 5 years, Şık and a team of scientists discovered dangerous levels of pesticides, heavy metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in multiple food and water samples from several provinces in western Turkey. Water in several residential areas was also found to be unsafe for drinking because of lead, aluminum, chrome, and arsenic pollution.

In 2015, after the study was completed, Şık testified that he urged government officials to take action during a meeting to discuss the findings. After 3 years of inaction, Şık testified, he decided to publish his findings in Cumhuriyet, an Istanbul newspaper that has been a high-profile target in the government’s crackdown on media. (Bülent Şık is the brother of Ahmet Şık, an opposition member of Parliament and former investigative journalist at Cumhuriyet who was previously jailed for criticizing the government.)

“What is quite striking in this case is that the Ministry of Health did not argue that what Bülent Şık published was not true,” says Milena Buyum, a senior campaigner on Turkey at Amnesty International in London. Instead, Buyum says, the government’s assertion that the information was confidential suggests there was a real danger to health.

Under Turkish law, Şık could have avoided jail and received a suspended sentence by expressing regret. But he declined to do so when asked by the judge.

“[H]iding data obtained from research prevents us from having sound discussions about the solutions,” Şık said in a statement to the court provided to Science by his lawyer. “In my articles, I aimed to inform the public about this public health study, which was kept secret, and prompt the public authorities who should solve the problems to take action.”

Şık, who lost his university position in 2016 after signing a petition calling for peace between Turkish forces and Kurdish militants in southeast Turkey, remains free pending an appeal. Scores of Turkish scientists have been fired from their jobs, prosecuted, or served time in jail in a crackdown on dissent that followed a failed coup attempt in 2016.